This name was probably brought into Scotland from Coudhart, a village in the department of Argentan in Normandy. It was brought during the wake of the Anglo-Norman Invasion of 1066, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be one Alan Colthird, who witnessed the sealing of an inquest at Berwick regarding the fishing rights in the river Tweed. John Colthird was a tailor in Edinburgh in 1619, and William Cultert and Robert Cultert were residents in the parish of Buittle in 1684. John Coultart of the County of Yorkshire was documented in 1679. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The arms were registered in Scotby, County Cumberland in 1784. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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