This surname COLEBURN was of two-fold origin. Firstly it was a baptismal name meaning 'the son of Collbrand' an ancient although now forgotten personal name. It was also a locational name 'of Colburn' near Catterick in the North of Yorkshire, but the surname is now most frequent in Birmingham. Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated.
The name was derived from the Old English word COLBURNA, literally meaning the dweller by the stream. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
Early records of the name mention Malger Colebrond who was documented in the year 1273 in the County of Sussex and William Colburn was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Ricardus Collebround of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Baptised. William Thomas Colborne at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1631.
The name has many variant spellings which include Colbran, Colborn and Colebourne.
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