This surname of CLYDESDALE, as might be expected is not uncommon in Glasgow. In 1256 Jordan de Cludesdale during a quarrel was struck on the head by John Schaft, and killed. Andrew de Clydesdale Scottish trumpeter, attended Edward 1. from Strivelin to Yettham in 1304. A payment was made to John de Clydysdall in 1358 and in 1480 John Cliddisdaill was the burgess of Edinburgh. A tenement of George Clyiddisdaile in Glasgow is mentioned in 1550. William Cliddisdaill was burgess there in 1583. Jonet Clydesdaill appears in Carmyle, parish of Monkland in 1605. James Clydesdale was married in Newbattle in 1939. The name is also spelt Cliddisdale, Clidisdaile, Clydisdale. Scottish surnames fall into two quite distinct groups; those of Gaelic origin and those of English origin. The Gaelic language was brought to Scotland from Ireland around the 5th century AD, displacing the British language (an early form of Welsh) previously spoken there as well as elsewhere. Gaelic was the main language of that part of Scotland not subject to English influence, a rather more extensive area than the present day Highlands and Islands, where Gaelic is still spoken in places. It is from these northwestern and western areas of Scotland that surnames of Gaelic origin, now almost universally Anglicized in form, have been disseminated around the world. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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