This Scottish surname of CLUNE was a locational name from CLUNE in the district of Stormont, Perthshire. William de CLONIN witnessed a confirmation charter to the Abbey of Arbroath, circa. 1214-1218, and William de CLUNY was recorded in 1296, and appears again on an inquest at Perth in 1304. Sir William de CLONY was chaplain to the bishop of Brechin in 1305, and John de CLONI of Fife was one of the Scots prisoners taken at Dunbar Castle in the same year. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. Later instances of the name mention John CLUNIE who was charged with tumult in 1686, and the Rev. John CLUNIE (born 1757) was the author of the song 'I lo'e na a laddie but ane'. The name has many variant spellings which include CLUNY, CLUNIE, CLENYE, CLWNY and CLWYNE. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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