The surname of CLOSIER is a variant of the name Close, and was a locational name 'the dweller by the enclosed place' or, possibly an occupational name 'worker in the farm-yard'. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Early records of the name mention Johannes del Close of Yorkshire, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John, son of John Close was baptised at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1545. A curious entry is found in documents was that 'Picken Close, a foundling att Picken's Coffee House dore' was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1697. A notable member of the name is Dennis Brian Close, born in 1931. The English cricketer, born in Rawdon, Yorkshire. An outstanding cricketing tactician, he played in only 22 Test matchs, spread over 27 years. He is a fearless batsman. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated arms recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Drumbanagher, formerly of Elm Park, County Armagh, the family were originally from Yorkshire. The arms were granted in the year 1812. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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