This surname is a baptismal name - the son of Clem - an enormously popular font name during the 13th century. The name was originally in the Latin form Clementus, meaning humane and merciful, and according to tradition, was the name of the third bishop of Rome, who died in 100 AD. Clement, bishop of Dunblane, was elected in Scotland in 1233. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records of the name mention Eustace filius Clement, County Oxford in 1273. Joannes filius Clement was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Clement had remission for his part in the burning of the town of Dunbertane in 1489, and James Clement in the parish of Tongland, was shot for being a Covenanter in 1685, which was a protestation signed throughout Scotland in 1638, in which subscribers swore to defend the Protestant religion and to resist all contrary erros. Clemie Crosbie, was documented in Westmoreland in the year 1691. Clement Darbyshire Darbyshire, of the parish of Winwick, was listed in the Wills at Chester, 1696. Helen Clement is recorded at the Miln of Muckhart, Stirling in the year 1742, and six of the name are in the Commissariot Record of Dunblane (the record of the commissary court which had jurisdiction over domestic relations). In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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