CHUNG is a Chinese name meaning 'the hanging bell'. Perhaps a locational name, the dweller near the bells. Local names denoted where a man held his land and indicated where he actually lived. The arms depicted here are from the English name Bell.
A notable member of the name was Kyung-Wha Chung, born in 1948, the Korean American violinist, born in Seoul. She moved to New York in 1960 and studied at the Juilliard School of Music until 1967, when she made her debut with the New York Philharmonic. Her London debut came three years later. Her sister Myung-Wha, born in 1944 is a distinguished cellist, and her brother born in 1953 is a pianist and conductor, who was appointed music director of the new Bastille Opera in Paris in 1989. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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