The surname of CHRISTIAN was derived from the Latin 'Christanus' a familiar North English font name. The name was brought into England from France in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Christianus (without surname) 1201 Berkshire. Thomas filius Cristian was documented in the year 1228 in the County of Essex and Crestien Miller appears in County Lancashire in 1300. Cristiane Lyttester of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another. Later instances of the name include Hamlett Christian and Margaret Rapior who were married in London in the year 1591. Edward Christean married Elizabeth Huggins at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1656. The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers, and Christianus was the name of a bishop who died at Holm Cultram in the year 1186. James Christane in Kirkcudbright was recorded in 1684. It is the surname of a family first recorded in the Isle of Man, with John McCrysten, born about 1368. His many descendants included Fletcher Christian (1764-93) who led the mutiny on HMS Bounty in 1787. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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