The surname of CHOLMELEY was a locational name 'of Cholmondeley' a township in the parish of Malpas, County Chester. The name was in England at an early date, and CHOMELY (without surname) was recorded in 1086, and appears to be the first of the name on record. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
Other records of the name Hugh de Chelmundeleg, who was recorded in 1288, County Chester, and Edward Cholmeley appears in Yorkshire in the year 1300. Edmund Chumbley of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
Later instances of the name mention Thomas Cholmeley and Dorothy Bedle, who married in London in 1566. Richard Cholmondeley of Eccleston, registered at Oxford University in 1593.
Baptised. Edward Chombley, St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1656.
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