Chipperfield Family Crest / Chipperfield Coat of Arms
The surname of CHIPPERFIELD was a locational surname 'the dweller at the market place'. It was a Lancashire surname and also from a place in south-west Hertfordshire, near Watford, so called from the Old English word 'ceapere' literally meaning the dweller in the open country, probably an open space where markets were held. Local names usually denoted where a man held land. Local names find their origins in the villages, towns and areas where people were born, or from the land they owned. In the Middle Ages, a man was identified by his place of birth and almost every city, town and village existing medieval times has originated one or more family names. Anyone leaving his birthplace would be known to new friends and neighbours by the name of his former residence, his birthplace, or the land he owned. Early records of the name mention Ricardus Chypynfeld, 1379 Lancashire. William Chippenfield, 1674 County Yorkshire. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.
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