The surname of CHILTON was a locational name 'of Chilton', there are many parishes in various counties in England bearing this name. The name was originally derived from the Old English word CILD, literally meaning the dweller in the enclosure or settlement. CILTONE (without surname) who appears in the Domesday Book of 1066, is the earliest of the name on record, and the name was recorded as CILTONA (without surname) in the year 1091. Local names find their origins in the villages, towns and areas where people were born, or from the land they owned. In the Middle Ages, a man was identified by his place of birth and almost every city, town and village existing in medieval times has originated one or more family names. Anyone leaving his birthplace would be known to new friends and neighbours by the name of his former residence, his birthplace, or the land he owned. Other records of the name mention Hugh de Chilton of the County of Wiltshire in 1273. Robert de Chilton of the County of Suffolk in 1273. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. A later instance of the name includes Isabell the daughter of James Chilton who was baptised at St. Paul's, Canterbury, Kent in 1586. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
Arms registered at Wye, County Kent and Cadiz, Spain.
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