The surname of CHESSER was a locational name 'of Cheshire'. The name was originally derived from the old English spelling CECTRESCIRE, and listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 as such. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Family names are a fashion we have inherited from the times of the Crusades in Europe, when knights identified one another by adding their place of birth to their first or Christian names. With so many knights, this was a very practical step. In the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries the nobles and upper classes, particularly those descended from the knights of the Crusades, recognised the prestige an extra name afforded them, and added the surname to the simple name given to them at birth. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Early records of the name mention Thomas de Chashnire who was recorded in County Somerset during the reign of Edward II. (1307-1327). Henricus de Chesterchyr of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Cheshire of Warrington was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1631. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
The arms were granted in the year 1618.
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