This surname was an official name 'one in charge of a chamber'. He who had charge of his lord's receipts and issues, a treasurer. Early records of the name mention Walter de Chamberlayne, 1273, County Cambridge. Johannes Chaumburlayne, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. It was the name of a family of British politicians: Joseph (1836-1914) Liberal, advocate of tariff reform and colonial development: Sir Joseph Austen (1863-1937), his son, Liberal-Unionist and Conservative, foreign secretary 1924-9. Arthur Neville (1869-1940) half-brother of Austen, Conservative Prime Minister 1937-40. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. This name, although originally the name of an official in charge of the private chambers of his master, later became a title of high rank. The escallops in the arms was a badge much used by Pilgrims, and is much used in Coat Armour.
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