The associated coat of arms for the name CHADDERDON are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered in Lancashire. The surname was a locational name 'of Chadderton' a township in the parish of Oldham, County Lancashire, and 'of Catterton' a township in the parish of Heaulaugh in the West Riding of Yorkshire. The earliest of the name on record is CETHAM (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as Chatindone (without surname) in 1287, County Lancashire. Margaret de Chadreton of Chaderton, County Lancashire, was recorded in the Lay Subsidy Rolls of 1332. Willemus de Caterton of Yorkshire was documented in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379 and William Chatterton (or Chadderton) born in 1540, was the bishop of Lincoln. He was born at Moston, near Chadderton. Thomas Chadderton was listed in the Wills at Chester in 1575. Robert Chaderton and Margaret Revell were married in London in the year 1569. John Wyllet and Margaret Chatterton (widow) were married at St. James's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1570. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but most of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name.
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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