The surname of CECIL was a baptismal name 'the son of Cecile' a name which was derived from the Latin Caecillius. The powerful English Cecil family first came to prominence with William Cecil (Lord Burghley) 1520-98, Elizabeth I's chief advisor for 40 years. They were originally minor Welsh gentry. The Elizabethan Lord Burghley's two sons both established noble houses becoming Earl of Exeter and Earl of Salisbury respectively. Early records of the name mention Sassil (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. In 1086 the compilation of the Domesday Book was ordered by William the Conqueror (1027-87), king of England from 1066. He was born in Failaise, the bastard son of Robert, Duke of Normandy, by Arlette, a tanner's daughter. On his father's death in 1035, the nobles accepted him as a duke. When Edward the Confessor, king of England died in 1066, William invaded England that Autumn, on 14th October, 1066 killing Harold (who had become King). English government under William assumed a more feudal aspect, the king's tenants-in-chief and all title to land was derived from his grants, and the Domesday Book contains details of the land settlements, and the names of the owners of such. Robertus Cecil of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Cecelia filius Roberti of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
Orders over $85 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).