The surname of CARNABY was a locational name 'of Carnaby' a parish in the East Riding of Yorkshire, about three miles from Bridlington. The name was derived from the Old Norman KAERANDABYR, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention CHERENDEBI (without surname) who was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as KERNETEBI (without surname) in the year 1190. Edward de Carnebi, was documented in Yorkshire in 1273. Rogerus de Carnaby of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Johannes Carnaby, ibid. Walter Carnaby and Martha Cooley were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1669. Samuel Carnaby and Amy Samback were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1677. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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