This surname of CARLYLE was a locational name 'local of Carlisle', Cumberland. This English toponymic has been in Antrim since 1588. Early records of the name mention Odard de Carlyle, who witnessed a charter by Uchtred, son of Fergus, lord of Galloway, to the hospital of St.Peter at York between 1158-64. He appears to have also held the land of Hoddam as he is described as Odard de Hodelme. Sir William de Carlyle, knight, had charter of a piece of land in Newby, after 1271. William of Carlile was one of the conservators of the truce between Scotland and England in 1451. The first people in Scotland to acquire fixed surnames were the nobles and great landowners, who called themselves, or were called by others, after the lands they possessed. Surnames originating in this way are known as territorial. Formerly lords of baronies and regalities and farmers were inclined to magnify their importance and to sign letters and documents with the names of their baronies and farms instead of their Christian names and surnames. The abuse of this style of speech and writing was carried so far that an Act was passed in the Scots parliament in 1672 forbidding the practice and declaring that it was allowed only to noblemen and bishops to subscribe by their titles. The earliest of the name recorded in England is Thomas de Carlise, who was documented in Northumberland in the year 1273. Thomas de Karlisle, appears in Durham in 1310. As early as the year 1100, it was quite common for English people to give French names to their children, and the earliest instances are found among the upper classes, both the clergy and the patrician families. The Norman-French names used were generally the names most commonly used by the Normans, who had introduced them into England during the Norman Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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