During the Middle Ages surnames were first used in order to distinguish between numbers of people bearing the same christian name. As taxation, under William The Conqueror, who invaded England in 1066, became the law, documentation became essential, and names were chosen from a man's trade, his father's name, some personal physical characteristic, or from his place of residence. In the case of the name CALVERY it was a habitation name from CALVERLEY in West Yorkshire, so called from the Old English CALF + LEAH, literally meaning the dweller by the wood-clearing, or from CALVERLEY, a spot in County Devon. Early instances of the name mention Christian de KALVERLE, who was recorded in Northumberland during the reign of Henry III (1216-1272) and Agnes de CALVERSLAY of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. Later instances of the name mention Richard CALVERLEY and Dorothie Okes, who were married at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1588, and Joseph CALVERLEY and Hannah Compton, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1785. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered in County Yorkshire.
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