This surname CALDWELL was a locational name 'of Caldwell' parishes in the diocese of Ripon and Peterborough. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention Adam de Caldewellea, documented in the year 1195, in County Derbyshire. Richard Cauldwell of Yorkshire was documented in Yorkshire in 1379.
Ricardus de Caldwell, was also listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John Caldwell married Margaret Matthews at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1796. In Scotland, the name is of territorial origin from the lands of the name in Renfrewshire. The old family of the name appears to have ended in direct line in an heiress in the fifteenth century. The earliest of the name on record in Scotland was William de Caldwell in 1342. Robert Cauldwell was a merchant in the service of Sir John of Montgomery in the year 1405. James Cauldoull was a notary public in Glasgow in the year 1548. The surname was common in Edinburgh in the 17th century in the form of Cauldwell and Caldwelle. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome.
The name has many variant spellings which include Calwell, Caudwell, Cadwell and Chadwell.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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