The surname of BURNS was derived from the Old English word BURNA - the dweller by the stream. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Godric aet Burnan of the County of Kent in 1044. Almaris de Brunna, was listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Robert del Burne of the County of Surrey in 1332. This surname which occured in England in early times was in Scotland as Burness. Burneshead, Cumberland, was the seat of a family of Burnes up to the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). A family of the name of Burns were leaseholders of the lands of Bralinmuir and Bogjordan, which form the estate of Inchbreck in the early part of the sixteenth century. David Burnis a follower of the earl of Cassilus was respited for murder in 1526, and a later David Burnis was the burgess of Ayr in 1587. Edward Burne and Susanna Basile were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1754. David Burnis was burgess of Ayr in 1587. Robert Burns's right name was Burness. but he and his brother Gilbert agreed to drop Burness and assume Burns in April 1786. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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