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If a commoner marry the widow of a pccr lie impales only the arms of his wife's father the lady on a subsequent marriage losing all right to any armorial bearings of tier former husband or husbands.
EDWARD III. appears to have been the first that quartered arms in England, when, in right of his mother Isabella, daughter and heiress of Philip IV. of France, he assumed the arms, Az. semee-de-lis or, as a quartering on the national banner; and John Hastings, second Earl of Pembroke, was the first subject who imitated his royal master's example, quartering, Az. six lioncels ramp. ar., in right of his grandmother, Julian, daughter of Thomas de Leybura, and heiress of William de Leyburne, summoned to Parliament 1299.
The intention of Quartering is to Show the descent of one family from heiresses or co-heiresses of other houses, and to exhibit and perpetuate this representation. Thus, the children of an heiress are entitled, at her death, to quarter with their paternal coat her arms, as well as all quarterings which she may have inherited. It must be borne in mind that an heiress or co-heiress in Heraldry is, by the laws of arms, a lady who is, by having no brother, or by her brother or brothers having died without issue, a representative in blood of her father, and that thereby she transmits to her descendants the right to quarter her family arms. The term "heiress " in Heraldry does not apply to the succession to property: Andrew Lynn, Esq., of Ballinamona, co. Waterford, disinherited his son, and bequeathed his estates to his daughter Ann, the wife of Robert Carew, ancestor of Lord Carew; her descendants inherited the estates so bequeathed, but did not acquire a right to quarter the arms of Lynn. In marshalling quarterings, the first, after the paternal arms, is the shield of the earliest heiress, which the bearer's direct ancestor in 0e, male line has married, and then succeed any quarterings her descent may bring in; with the second heiress the same rule is followed, and so on, in chronological rotation, to the end of the chapter.
When a daughter becomes heiress or co-heiress to her mother (also an
and not to her father, which happens when the father marries a subsequent wife, mid has by her male issue, to represent him, she is entitled to bear the maternal coat with the arms of her father on a canton, taking all the quarterings to which her mother was, by descent, entitled. When married, she conveys the whole to be borne on an escutcheon of pretence, and transmits them at her death to be borne as quarterings by her descendants, the paternal canton on the first shield still indicating the nature of the representation.
If an heiress E.B., marry first F G., and have a son R.G., and marry secondly H.I , and have by tier second husband an only child, a daughter, S.I., the son of this lady S.I, viz., T.N., would quarter the arms of that second husband as well as the arms of his grandmother E.$. This point has been thus settled by the Heralds' College in London, but the question requires farther consideration and adjudication before it can be finally admitted.
The following sketch will illustrate the point:
A. B. =C. D. I
F. (L, r E. I B., = H. L,
let Husb. ' adau. 3 ~ 211d Husb. I heir. I
A. G., 8. L, ~ M. N.
a eon. an only dau. Issue.
u son, who claims to quarter the arms of A. H.
Au Archbishop or a Bishop impales the arms of his See with his family arms,
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