The surname of BUCKLEY was a locational name 'of Buckley', a parish in St. Albans, in the County of Hertfordshire. The name was derived from the Old English word BUCCLEAH, literally meaning the dweller in a wood-clearing. Local names derived from a place name indicating where the man held land, or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition de, at, by, in, etc. At the end of the last century the vast majority of the numerous families of this name in Ireland were concentrated in the province of Munster. The name is still one of the hundred most common names in Ireland. Early records of the name mention David de Buckelay of the County of Yorkshire in 1273 and at the same time Michael de Bokele of the County of Suffolk. Christian de Bukkelegh of the County of Lancashire in 1332. The will of Lady Katherine Bulkeley is noted to have said "I, Caterine Bulkley, of Chedale...geve and bequethe unto Sir Richard Buckley, Knight, my nephewe, my best table clothe of diapr'" in the year 1559. Abraham Buckley of County Lancashire, was registered at Oxford University in 1589. Born in 1780 was the 'Wild White Man of Australia' better known as William Buckley, a huge English convict who lived for 32 years with a tribe of aborigines after being transported to Australia in 1802 for stealing. He moved to Van Diemen's Land (Tasmania) where he died in 1856. The acquisition of surnames in Europe has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another.
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