This Scottish surname BOYLE thought by many to be the same as the Irish Boyle (from O'Baoghail) angliziced as Boghill, Boyle and even Hill, is of Norman origin, from Boyville, otherwise Boeville or Beauville, near Caen. De Boiu appears as a witness between 1164 and 1174, and William de Boyvill was one of an inquisition held at Carlisle in 1280, and in 1291 he was appointed to take the fealty of the bishop of Whitherne, and thereafter the Bishop of all those in Galloway. In 1291 Henry de Boyville was castellan of the castles of Dumfries, Wigtown and Kirkcudbright in succession to Sir William de Boyville. Three individuals of this name (probably all related one to another) rendered homage in 1296. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker. The name is not common anywhere outside Ayrshire and Wigtownshire where until recently it was pronounced in common speech as 'Bole'. One of the most famous, influential and extensive of Anglo-Irish families is descended from Richard Boyle, a Jacobean adventurer from Kent, who acquired lands in Cork, Waterford, and Tipperary in 1604. His earliest known ancestor was Humphrey de Binville, Norman lord of a manor near Ledbury, Herefordshire in the 11th century. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages.
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