The surname of BOWKER was derived from the Old French word 'bochier' an occupational name, a butcher. The name was derived from the Old French word BOUCHIER, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Ailwardus le Bochere, 1184 London. Alan le Boucher, 1327 County Sussex. William Bourchier of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Thomas le Bouker of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Jonathan Butcher and Mary Ellen Dosset, were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1794. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
An eminent member of the name was Samuel Henry Butcher (1850-1910) the Irish classical scholar, born in Dublin. He was educated at Marlborough and Trinity College Dublin, and was elected to extraordinary fellowship at Unicersity College Oxford, and in 1882, he became professor of Greek at Edinburgh. He translated the 'Odyssey' in 1879 and is well known for his work on Aristotles 'Poetics' in 1895. He was the M.P. for Cambridge University from 1906.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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