This surname of BORET was derived from the Old English 'burgraed' a name meaning 'fortress counsel'. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion and was found in the Domesday Book of 1086 as Burghered, Burgret and Burred. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. Early records of the name mention Burredus (without surname) who was documented in the year 1114 in Huntingdonshire and Koleman Burred, 1160 ibid. John Bureheued, was documented in Yorkshire in 1219. Agnes Borheued of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Thomas Burdes appears in County Lancashire in the year 1400.
A notable member of the name was Elihu Burritt (1810-79) the American pacifist, known as 'the learned blacksmith' was born in New Britain, Connecticut. He worked as a blacksmith in his native town and at Worcester, Massachusetts, but devoted all his leisure to mathematics and languages. Through his published works and through his travels in the USA and Europe, he was known as an apostle of peace. He found the 'Christian Citizen' in 1844. From 1865 to 1870 he was American consul in Birmingham, England. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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