The surname of BORDER was an occupational name 'a cottager, a tenant in bondage'. The name was derived from the Old French BORDURE, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The name is also spelt BOARDMAN, BORDIER, BOARD, BOORD, BORDE, BOURDA and BORD. Early records of the name mention George Bordman and Margaret Milford, who were married at St. Thomas the Apostle, London in 1588. Samuel Bordman of County Lancashire, registered at Oxford University in 1619. William Ivatt and Anne Boardman were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1622. Thomas Boardman and Elizabeth Ball at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1755. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguously. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernards Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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