The surname of BOOTHAM was a locational name 'the boothman' one who lived in a booth or hut, a cottager. The surname is familiar to Newcastle-on-Tyne and the surrounding areas. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The names introduced into Britain by the Normans during and in the wake of the Invasion of 1066, are nearly all territorial in origin. The followers of William the Conqueror were a pretty mixed lot, and while some of them brought the names of their castles and villages in Normandy with them, many were adventurers of different nationalities attached to William's standard by the hope of plunder, and possessing no family or territorial names of their own. Those of them who acquired lands in England were called by their manors, while others took the name of the offices they held or the military titles given to them, and sometimes, a younger son of a Norman landowner, on receiving a grant of land in his new home dropped his paternal name and adopted that of his newly acquired property. Early records of the name mention Roger Bothman, 1273, County Huntingdonshire. Henry Boothiman was documented in County Yorkshire, in the year 1379. William Budge and Margaret Boothman were married in Canterbury in the year 1675. Christopher Boothman and Margaret Norbury were married at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, in 1749.
Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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