This German surname of BOOMGARD was a topographic or occupational name for someone who owned or lived by an orchard, or was employed in one. The name was originally from the German Baumgarten (orchard). There are several villages named with this word, and so in some cases the surname may have originated as a habitation name from one of these. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. This name has numerous variant spellings which include Baumgarte, Baumgartner, Baumgart, Bohmgahren, Boomgardt, Bogaerts, Boomgard, and Bogaard. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
A notable member of the name was Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten (1714-62) who was the German philosopher, born in Berlin. In 1740 he became professor of philosophy at Frankfurt. His main works are 'Metaphysica' (1739) and 'Aesthetica' (1750-58), a long unfinished treatise which pioneered this field, and helped to establish the modern term 'aesthetics'.
Humphrey Bogart (1899-1957) was the American film actor, born in New York City. After serving briefly with the US Navy, he became a stage manager and walk-on actor, graduating to juvenile leads, before making his film debut in 'Broadway's Like That' in 1930. He was frequently cast as a vicious hoodlum, most memorably in 'The Petrified Forrest' in 1936. 'To Have and to Hold' marked the debut of Lauren Bacall, who became his fourth wife in 1945. He died after a long struggle with cancer.
The associated coat of arms is recorded in Riestaps Armorial General. (Bogaert).
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