This surname BOND is of two-fold origin, it was was a baptismal name 'the son of Bond' a popular early font name. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The name was derived from the Old Norman BONDI, and also meant 'one who was an unfree tenant, a bonded man or serf'. Early records of the name mention Bond (without surname) listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Albertus filius Bund was documented in County Norfolk in 1185, and Henry le Bounde was recorded in Bedfordshire in 1198. Emma le Bonde, was documented in the year 1273 in Huntingdonshire. Robert le Bond of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Edwin le Bonde, 1379, ibid. Sir Thomas Bond, began the construction of the famous London Bond Street, noted for its fashionable shops, circa. 1688. William Cranch Bond (1786-1859) was the American astronomer, born in Portland, Maine. As first director of Harvard University observatory from 1840, he was a pioneer of celestial photography. His son, George, succeeded him. Together they discovered the seventh satellite of Saturn.
This name is also of occupational origin meaning "the bond" a householder. The small villages of Europe, or Royal and Noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Arms recorded in the Cornish Armory. Earth near Saltash and Holwood in Quethock, Cornwall, an ancestor of the 19th Century Thomas Bond Esquire of East Looe. Sir George Bond, Lord mayor of London, 1587, Second son of William Bond of West Buckland, Somerset descended from Bond of Cornwall. Sir Thomas Bond was created a Bart by Charles II. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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