The German surname of BOECKMAN was of three fold origin. It was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'one who came from BOCK' the dweller at the sign of the buck, from residence nearby the area where bucks wandered. It was also baptismal 'the son of BURGIO' a name meaning 'one who was strong. It could also have been an occupational name for a baker, and may have been used for someone whose special task in the kitchen of a great house or castle was the baking of bread, but since most humbler households did their own baking in the Middle Ages, it may also have referred to the owner of a communal oven used by the whole village. The right to be in charge of this and exact money or loaves in return for its use was in many parts of the country a hereditary feudal privilege. The name may also occasionally have been used by someone noted for baking particularly fine bread or by a baker of pottery or bricks. The name is also spelt BECKMAN, BECKMANN, BOECKMAN and BOUCKMAN. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Mecklembourg and Prussia Nobility, 1803.
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