The surname of BIBLE was a baptismal name 'the son of Bibbe or Isabel' an ancient, although now forgotten personal name which is now a Yorkshire and Lancashire surname. The name is also spelt Bibb, Bibby, Bibbi and Bibbey. A family named Bibby, which possessed a freehold at Ribchester during the 14th century, are descended from Richard Bibby, living in the late 13th century, who was the son of a woman named Bibbi. Other records of the name mention BIBELE (without surname) who was recorded in 1200 in Oxford, and William Bibbi of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Henricus Bibbe, was recorded in 1397 in County Yorkshire. Thomas Bybie of County Essex, registered at Oxford University in 1595. Following the crusades in Europe in the 11th, 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for a family name to replace the one given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognized by those of noble birth, and particularly by those who went on the Crusades, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Nicholas Bibby of Openshaw, County Lancashire, was listed in the Wills at Chester in the year 1620, and Susan, daughter of Adam Bidd was baptised at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in the year 1603. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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