This name BELANGER was originally of German origin, probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. It was a baptismal name 'the son of Beringer'. Early records of the name mention Berenger Giffard, listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workman and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. Robertus Filius Berengarii was recorded in London in the year 1150 and Belingar (without surname) was recorded in Dorset in 1207. Berenger le Moine was documented in County Northampton in the year 1273. William Berenger of County Somerset was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Berenger de Todeni of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Barringer was registered at Oxford University in 1614. Andrew, son of Simon Beranger, was baptised at St. Antholin, London in 1694. The name has many variant spellings which include Berrenger, Beranger and Berenger. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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