The surname of BEDIER is of French origin. The name is also spelt Bedire and Bedoir. It was originally an occupational name for an attendant in a public bath house. In former times, such attendants underook a variety of functions, including blood-letting and hair-cutting. The earliest French hereditary surnames are found in the 12th century, at more or less the same time as they arose in England, but they are by no means common before the 13th century, and it was not until the 15th century that they stabilized to any great extent; before then a surname might be handed down for two or three generations, but then abandoned in favour of another. In the south, many French surnames have come in from Italy over the centuries, and in Northern France, Germanic influence can often be detected. A notable member of the name was Charles Marie Joseph Bedier (1864-1938) the French scholar and medievalist, born in Paris. In 1893 he was appointed professor of medieval French language and literature at the College de France and received his doctorate for Les Fabliaux (1893). His Roman de Tristan et Iseult in 1900 gained him a European reputation and Les Legendes Epiques (1908-13) developed in exquisite French, his theory of the origin of the great cycles of romance. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. (Bedoir). Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II ( 1307-1327 ) it became general practice amongst all people.
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