The German and Swiss surname of BAUMAN is of German origin and has two-fold beginnings. It was a locational name meaning the dweller and worker at the barrier placed across roads by the toll collector. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Almost every city, town or village existing in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. Where a man lived was his means of identification. When a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known, and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or birthplace, or by the name of the land which he owned. The name is also spelt BAUGHMAN and BORMAN. As early as 1750 the BAUMANN family arrived in the United States, with Felix BAUGHMAN, who came from Switzerland and purchased 400 acres of land near Georgetown in Bart township, on which he made his home. He left two sons, Jacob and George. An infamous member of the name was Martin BORMANN (1900?-1945) the German Nazi politician, born in Halberstadt. He participated in the abortive Munich putsch of 1923, and became one of Hitler's closest advisers. He was appointed Reichsminister (party-chancellor) in May 1941, and was with Hitler to the last. His own fate was uncertain. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. A great number of immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. A minor notable of the name was Albert BAUMAN, born on the 18th July, 1915. He was Professor in the Benedictine Order in 1936, and ordained in 1942. His appointments included assistant editor of St. Joseph Magazine from 1943 until 1944, and the Professor of Pastoral Theology, Mount Angel Seminary from 1944. Many magazines and newspapers have published his articles.
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