This name of BANEY was a locational name 'of Bayeux' a small village near Normandy. The name was brought to England with the Conqueror in 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workman and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.
Early records of the name mention Henry de Bayney, 1273 County Lincolnshire. Thomas de Baines was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Baptised. Fraunces Richard Baines, St. Peter, Cornhill, London in the year 1577.
The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Thomas Ban, burgess of Perth, in 1324 appears to be the first of the name on record. William Bayn was a tenant in Kethyk in 1467 and Martin Bayne held a tenement in Ayr in 1518. Alexander Banys was recorded in 1541. It is recorded that Andrew Beans quarrelled with his wife in 1646.
Andrew Baines was a locksmith in Edinburgh in 1676 and Archibald Beanes was the burgess of St Andrews in 1679.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
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