This surname BADGLEY was a locational name 'of Baguley' a township near Northenden, County Chester. Early records of the name mention Peter de Baggeley who was documented in the year 1260 in County Chester. Johnn Baguley appears in 1327 in Nottingham and William de Baggiley was the mayor of Stockport, Cheshire in 1382. Johanna de Bagley was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Almost every city, town or village extant in the Middle Ages has served to name one or more families. While a man lived in a town or village he would not be known by its name, as that would be no means of identification - all in the village would be so named. But when a man left his birthplace or village where he had been known and went elsewhere, people would likely refer to him by the name of his former residence or by the name of the land which he owned. Some had the name of a manor or village because they were lords of that place and owned it, but the majority descend from vassals of freeman who once had lived there. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Later instances of the name include Thomas Baguley and Katherine Aufen, who were married in London in the year 1589, and William Denby married Joanne Baggalea, in London in the year of 1597. Thomas Baguley was listed in the Wills of Chester in 1622. The name is also spelt Bagley and Bageley.
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