This name was derived from the Old German personal name 'Bago' and was brought to England early in the 11th century. An English family of the name Bagot trace their descent from a certain BAGOD, recorded in the Domesday Book, as holding land near Bramshall, Staffordshire. By the 12th century the family name was also found at Bagot's Bromley in the same county. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people. Early records of the name mention Bagot (without surname) 1125, Cheshire. Herueius filius Bagot was documented in County Surrey in the year 1130. Walter Bagot was recorded in Yorkshire in the year 1202, and Geoffrey Richard Bagard was documented in County Suffolk in the year 1279. Edward Bagot of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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