The surname of BADEN was originally of Dutch origin. The name is also spelt BADING, BODEKE, BODE, BOTHE, BOTJE an BADEN. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. The name was brought to England from Holland. It was an occupational name 'the fisherman' one who lived by the river banks. A notable member of this name was Robert Stephenson Smyth, lst Baron BADEN-POWELL (l857-l94l). He was the English soldier, born in London son of a Savilian professor of geometry at Oxford. He was educated at Charterhouse and joined the army in l876. He served in India and Afghanistan and won fame as a defender of Mafeking (l899-l900), in the Boer War. He was promoted Lt.General in l907 but is best known however, as the founder in l908 of the Boy Scouts and with his sister Agnes (l858-l945) of the Girl Guides. He published "Scouting for Boys" in l908 founded the Wolf Cubs in l9l6, and was acclaimed worlds chief Scout in l920. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour.
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