This Jewish and German surname of BADEAU was an occupational name for an attendant in a public bath house, from the Old German word BAD. In former times, such attendants undertook a variety of functions, including blood-letting and hair cutting. When traditional Jews were forced to take family names by the local bureaucracy, it was an obligation imposed from outside traditional society, and people often took the names playfully and let their imaginations run wild by choosing names which corresponded to nothing real in their world. No one alive today can remember the times when Jews took or were given family names (for most Ashkenazim this was the end of the 18th century or the beginning of the 19th) although many remember names being changed after emigration to other countries, such as the United States and Israel in recent years. The name could also have meant 'one who came from BADEN' in Germany. The name is also spelt Bader, Badder and Baade. The name arrived early in England. A notable member of this name was Sir Douglas Robert Stuart BADER (l9l0-l982) the British aviator born in London, England and commissioned from Cranwell in l930. He lost both legs in a flying accident in l93l and was invalided out, but overcame his disability and returned to the R.A.F. in l939. He commanded the first R.A.F. Canadian Fighter Squadron. evolving tactics that contributed to victory in the Battle of Britain but was captured in August l94l after a collision with an enemy aircraft over Bethune. A great pilot and leader of "The Few" he set an example of fortitude and heroism that became a legend. He was made a CBE in l956 for services to the disabled and was knighted in l976. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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