Where did the Scottish Baxter family come from? What is the Scottish coat of arms/family crest? When did the Baxter family first arrive in the United States? Where did the various branches of the family go? What is the history of the family name?
Spelling variations occur frequently in Scottish names that date from the medieval era. They result from a general lack of grammatical rules and the tendency to spell names according to sound. Baxter has been spelled Baxter, Bakster, Baxster, Baxstair, Baxstare and others.
First found in Forfarshire, in Scotland, where they held a family seat from ancient times.
In the 20th century, the ancestors of many of those Boernician-Scottish people still populate North America. They distributed themselves on either side of the border at the time of the War of Independence. United Empire Loyalists went north to Canada and those who wanted a new nation stayed south. Both groups went on to found great nations. Some of the first North American settlers with Baxter name or one of its variants: George Baxter, who came to New Netherland in 1642; Hen Baxter, who arrived in Virginia in 1654; Hannah Baxter, who settled in Maryland in 1668; Richard Baxter who settled in Charles County in Maryland in 1660 (he was an ancestor of U.S. President John Adams).
Motto Translated: Truth conquers.
Suggested Readings for the name Baxter
* Ancestors and Descendants of Jonathan Burris and Mary Jemima Boardman, with Allied Families (including the Baxter Family).
* Baxter-Short, Miller-Gill and Related Families by Mary Cynthia Baxter Harrell.
Some noteworthy people of the name Baxter
* Anne Baxter (1923-1985), American, actor
* Meredith Baxter (b. 1947), American television actress
* Warner Baxter (1889-1951), American actor
* William Baxter (1856-1888), English (American-born) cartoonist
* Jim Baxter (b. 1939), Scottish footballer
* Stanley Baxter (b. 1928), Scottish actor
* Glen "Colonel" Baxter (b. 1944), British cartoonist
* James Keir Baxter (1926-1972), New Zealand poet, dramatist and critic
* James Keir Baxter (1926-1972), New Zealand poet, dramatist and critic.
* John Baxter (d. 1841), Australian explorer
* Sir John Philip Baxter (1905-1989), Australian (Welsh born) Physicist, Professor of Chemical Engineering at the University of New South Wales
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