The surname of BACON was derived from the Old English word 'Bacun' an occupational name, a pork butcher. It was a familiar entry in medieval records. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Early records of the name mention William Richard Bacun, 1150 County Lincolnshire. Roger Bacon (1214-1294) was an English Franciscan, philosopher and student of experimental science at Paris and Oxford, credited, then, and later with having magical powers. Nicholas Bachun was documented in 1226 in County Staffordshire. Thomas Bacon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Humphrey Luce and Anne Bacon were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1546. Matthias Bacon of London, registered at Oxford University in the year 1576. Francis Bacon, Baron Verulam and Viscount St. Albans. (1561-1626). Lord Chancellor of England from 1618-1620, philosopher who introduced the inductive method into science and author of 'Essays'. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armory. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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