This Italian and Spanish name of BACCI was of the occupational group of surnames, meaning one who was a cowherd. The name was originally derived from the Latin word VACCARIUS. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. The name was also used as a nickname for a gentle person. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The name is also spelt Vacarious, Vaca, and Baca. Vacarious (1115-1198) was the Italian jurist. He was a law teacher at Bologna, and he came to England and lectured at Oxford in 1149, where he was the first to teach the rediscovered Roman law. His book 'Liber Pauperum' was a popular medieval text. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. (Vaccarro).
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