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ATTITUDES OR POSITIONS OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISHES

ATTITUDES OR POSITIONS OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISHES


ATTITUDES OR POSITIONS OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISHESATTITUDES OR POSITIONS OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISHES

ATTITUDES OR POSITIONS OF ANIMALS, BIRDS AND FISHES



The following is an excerpt from Burke's General Armory, page xii-xiii



When a lion or other beast of prey stands upright, with only one ear and one eye seen, with the head in profile, he is termed rampant; when walking forward, with one eye and ear seen, passant; when sitting, sejant; when lying down, couchant. if in any of these positions the animal look full face, so that both eyes and ears may be seen, the word guardant is annexed to passant , rampant, sejant, or couchant, as the case may be; and if he look back, the word reguardant. an animal is salient when leaping forwards bendways and having both the hind legs in the sae position.

To griffins the term segreant is given in place of rampant. Animals of the deer kind have their positions otherwise blazoned. Thus when looking full-faced, they are said to be at gaze; when standing, statant; when walking, tripping; when leaping forward, springing; when running, courant; and when at rest on the ground, lodged.

A horse when running is blazoned courant, or in full speed; when leaping salient, cabré, or effray; when rearing, foroené, but these three last terms are very seldom met with.

Birds are blazoned, when standing with their wings down, close; when preparing to fly, rising; when flying, volant; when spread open, with both wings stretched out, and their breasts seen, displayed. The wings open and against each other are called endorsed. Two wings conjoined and expanded are called a vol. One wing is a demivol.

Fishes when placed horizontally are naiant; when perpendicularly, hauriant; when drawn in an arched form like a dolphin, they are embowed.

Any heraldic figure placed on or apparently emanating from an ordinary or other charge is called issuant. The term jessant is applied either to a general issuing of one charge from another, as a chevron jessant-de-lis, or to the common device of a leopards or lions head jessant-de-lis. A fish or amphibious creature is described as naissant from an ordinary when any portion of the body with the tail is seen. A serpent placed horizontally is said to be gliding.


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last updated on: April 3rd, 2017

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