In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. This surname of ARISPE was a locational name 'of Arras' a town in Artois, famous for its tapestry. The name was brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. The name is also spelt ARISP, ARIS and ARISTE. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Early records of the name mention Simon de Araze who was recorded in 1202 in London, and Hugo de Erghes appears in County Yorkshire in the year 1233. Robert de Arraze, 1273, in London. Edward Ariss of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1370, and Ralph de Arispe was documented in County Salop in the year 1307.
Prior to the Invasion of William the Conqueror in 1066, no one had surnames, only christian or nicknames in England. Based on this, and our physical attributes, we were given surnames incorporating tax codes to show trades, areas in which we lived, as today we have street names and numbers. Surnames were used in France and like speaking countries from about the year 1000, and a few places had second names even earlier. Even early monarchs had additions to show attributes and character, for example Ethelred (red-hair) the Unready (never prepared). Edward I was named 'Long shanks' because of his long legs, and Richard III was called 'Crouchback' owing to his deformed shoulder. A later instance of the name was Thomas Coggan and Sarah Arris who were married at St. George's, hanover Square, London in the year 1724.
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