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ARCHIBALD Family Crest / ARCHIBALD Coat of Arms

ARCHIBALD Family Crest / ARCHIBALD Coat of Arms

This surname was derived from the Old French Archamboult, a name meaning 'precious bold'. The earliest French hereditary surnames are found in the 12th century, at more or less the same time as they arose in England, but they are by no means common before the 13th century, and it was not until the 15th century that they stabilized to any great extent; before then a surname might be handed down for two or three generations, but then abandoned in favour of another. In the south, many French surnames have come in from Italy over the centuries, and in Northern France, Germanic influence can often be detected. Early records of the name mention Echenbaldus, Arcenbaldus and Arcebaldus, all listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conquerer. It is known as the Domesday book. Walter Archembold, 1130 County Gloucestershire. Thomas Herchebaud, 1302 Surrey. Seath Archbuttt 1616 Yorkshire. The name has many variant spellings which include Archambault, Archanbault, Archbald Archibald and Archibould. Originally the coat of arms identified the wearer, either in battle or in tournaments. Completely covered in body and facial armour the knight could be spotted and known by the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped garment which enveloped him. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that second names became general practice for all people.


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Last Updated: May 9, 2020

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