The surname of ANNANDALE was of local origin, from the district of the name in Dumfriesshire. The name has never been a common one. Early records mention Elspet Anandel in Nether Tullo, 1657. Thomas Annandale (1838-1907) was the senior surgeon at Edinburgh Royal Infirmary. Dr. Charles Annandale (1843-1915) lexicographer. Old forms of the name include Annerdaill, Annardale and Annandaill. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.
Annand (Lord of Annandale). The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God, however much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. Among the humbler classes of European society, and especially among illiterate people, individuals were willing to accept the mistakes of officials, clerks and priests as officially bestowing a new version of their surname, just as they had meekly accepted the surname they had been born with. In North America, the linguistic problems confronting immigration officials at Ellis Island in the 19th century were legendary as a prolific source of Anglicization.
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