The surname of ALDWINCKLE was a locational name 'of Aldwinckle' a parish three miles from Thrapston, County Northampton. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. Early records of the name mention Henry de Audewinckle, County Northumberland, 1273. William Allwinckle and Mary King were married at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in 1648. Buried, Sarah Alwincle (an ancient wyddowe) at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1654. Also buried at St. James's, Clerkenwell was Elizabeth Alwincle, an ancient wyddowe, a year after in 1655. The name is also spelt Aldwincle. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but they were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1327-1377) that it became common practice for all people. When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Confirmed in 1584.
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