The surname of ALBURY was a locational name 'of Aldbury', a parish in County Hertfordshire, three miles from Tring. Local names derive from place names, indicating where the man held land, or the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention David de Aldebury in County Shropshire in 1273. Willelmus Dyan et Albray was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Other names listed are Albreda de Hill and Albray Rayson, Vidua, in the year 1379 also. Samuell, son of William Albury, was baptised at St. Mary Aldermary, London in 1683. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but they were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) that it became common practice for all people. When the coast of England was invaded by William The Conqueror in the year 1066, the Normans brought with them a store of French personal names, which soon, more or less, entirely replaced the traditional more varied Old English personal names, at least among the upper and middle classes. A century of so later, given names of the principal saints of the Christian church began to be used. It is from these two types of given name that the majority of the English patronymic surnames are derived and used to this day.
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