The surname of AIKENS was a baptismal name 'the son of Adam' an ancient and still popular font name. Early records of the name mention Adekin filius Turst who was documented in the year 1191 in County Norfolk and John Adekyn was recorded in 1296 in County Cumberland. Willelmus Adkynson of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of the year 1379. John of Akyne, a Scottish merchant, was petitioned for the return of his ship and goods illegally seized in England in 1405. George Handaye married Mary Adkinsson at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1718. John Aickin and Mary McDanell were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1783. Between the 11th and 15th centuries it became customary for surnames to be assumed in Europe, but they were not commonplace in England or Scotland before the Norman Conquest of 1066. They are to be found in the Domesday Book of 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities were made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Those of gentler blood assumed surnames at this time, but it was not until the reign of Edward II (1327-1377) that it became common practice for all people. This name was originally from the Hebrew personal name ADAM, which was borne according to Genesis, by the first man. It is of uncertain etymolology, and often said to be from the Hebrew ADAMA (earth), the Greek legend being that Zeus fashioned the first human beings from earth. It was very popular as a given name throughout Europe during the Middle Ages. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name has numerous variant spellings.
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